In his ‘Learning Journey’ of defining Asset & Maintenance Management, lecturer/Researcher Jan Stoker of SSAMM write his finding and insights during this journey. Started in 2013 with his research, one of his goals is to understand Asset & Maintenance Management within the ISO55000 framework. Currently, his main goal is to describe and define Asset Management 5.0 based on this article. Check the related article’s on this page. 


concept 12 December 2022

Updated 13 April 2023 5.0

Published 2 August 2023 IR-5.0 integration

Updated 3 September added Maintenance Management 5.0

Updated 29 Octoberadded added Maintainabiity



The chronological tandem of Maintenance Management paradigms and industrial revolutions encapsulates the inherent narrative of evolving technological endeavors meeting operational exigencies. As Industry 1.0 brought forth the advent of mechanized production powered by water and steam, Maintenance 1.0 emerged in response, primarily characterized by reactive measures to keep the rudimentary machines running. The essence of maintenance was simplistic – fix when broken, without a structured approach or foresight. With Industry 2.0, the focus pivoted towards mass production and assembly lines, giving birth to Maintenance 2.0, which introduced preventive maintenance into the industrial vocabulary. This was the genesis of routine checks and basic planning aimed at minimizing unplanned downtimes, hence beginning to sketch a more organized picture of maintenance. As the digital waves of Industry 3.0 started to make their mark with automation and early digital control systems, Maintenance 3.0 took a leap towards predictive maintenance. It harnessed emerging data analytics to forecast potential issues, endeavouring to mitigate them before they could disrupt the production flow, a stride towards proactive asset management. Industry 4.0 opened a new chapter with the marriage of cyber-physical systems, IoT, and big data analytics, wherein Maintenance 4.0 embraced real-time monitoring, and proactive maintenance strategies.

 The ability to predict, prepare, and prevent became significantly enhanced, with digital twins and advanced analytics facilitating a much more refined control over assets and operations. Now as we find ourselves on the cusp of Industry 5.0, an era anticipated to harmonize human creativity with machine intelligence, Maintenance Management 5.0 is unfolding. Its ethos doesn’t just lie in leveraging advanced technologies for asset optimization, but emphasizes a human-centric approach. Here, the maintenance narrative extends beyond just machinery efficiency to embody Human-Machine synergy, Adaptive Maintenance, and Resilient Infrastructure. It’s about crafting collaborative environments where human intuition enriches machine precision, building systems that evolve with real-time conditions, and fostering robust infrastructures that ensure operational continuity amidst disruptions. Each stage of Maintenance Management didn’t just mirror its respective industrial era but acted as an enabling force, a catalyst aiding industries to unlock the full potential of the technological innovations at their disposal. And as Jan Stoker delves deeper into Maintenance 5.0 amidst the Industry 5.0 timeframe in the following discourse, the significance of this synchronized evolution stands to be explored further, unveiling how the fusion of human creativity with machine intelligence is about to redefine the vistas of asset and maintenance management.


Author: Ing. Jan Stoker MSc. MEng. Follow  

1. Alignment of Maintenance Management and the Industry timeframe’s. 

The inexorable march of industrial revolutions from Industry 1.0 to the impending Industry 5.0 has been mirrored by the evolution of Maintenance Management paradigms. The alignment of these paradigms with their respective industrial eras is not merely a reactive adaptation, but a crucial factor underpinning the successful maturation and utilization of each era’s technological advancements.

In the era of Industry 1.0, where the muscle of steam and water-powered machines first flexed, Maintenance Management 1.0 was birthed, primarily focusing on reactive maintenance to keep the nascent industrial machinery operational. The basic notion was to fix what broke; a simplistic yet essential response to the dawn of mechanized production.

With the advent of Industry 2.0, electrification and the assembly line brought about mass production, urging the shift to Maintenance Management 2.0. This era saw the advent of preventive maintenance where routine checks and basic maintenance schedules were established to minimize unexpected downtimes, marking a leap towards a more structured and planned approach to maintenance.

As Industry 3.0 emerged, the infusion of digital technology and automation into production systems ushered in Maintenance Management 3.0. Predictive maintenance became the vanguard, leveraging data analytics to foresee and address potential issues before they morphed into significant problems, thereby further minimizing downtime and optimizing operational efficiency.

Industry 4.0 exploded onto the scene with a flourish of cyber-physical systems, IoT, and big data analytics. Here, Maintenance Management 4.0 leveraged these technologies for real-time monitoring, predictive analysis, and proactive maintenance strategies. The creation of digital twins and the utilization of advanced analytics enabled a nuanced understanding and control over assets and operations, marking a significant stride towards autonomous maintenance.

Now, on the cusp of Industry 5.0, the focus is pivoting towards a harmonious blend of human creativity with machine intelligence. This transition is propelling Maintenance Management into its 5.0 iteration, emphasizing a human-centric approach. The narrative extends beyond machinery efficiency to encompass Human-Machine synergy, Adaptive Maintenance, and Resilient Infrastructure, encapsulating a holistic vision of asset optimization.

1.1 Alignment

The alignment of Maintenance Management paradigms with their respective industrial eras is imperative as it enables industries to fully harness and optimize the technological innovations at their disposal. Each iteration of Maintenance Management has acted as a catalyst, driving industries to not only adapt but thrive amidst the technological advancements of their times. As we venture into the era of Industry 5.0, the synchronization of Maintenance Management 5.0 with this new industrial paradigm is poised to unlock unprecedented levels of efficiency, sustainability, and operational excellence, crafting a new narrative for the future of industrial operations.


The Asset management Pyramid Click to enlarge. Full article Click Here
Asset & Maintenance management ‘The Big Picture’ Click to enlarge


2. Maintenance Management 1.0 

The inception of Industry 1.0, also known as the Industrial Revolution, marked a significant turning point in history around the late 18th and early 19th centuries. This epoch witnessed the transition from hand production methods to machine-centric operations powered predominantly by steam and water. The automation of mechanical manufacturing initiated a journey towards industrial growth and technological advancements. However, this nascent stage of industrialization also gave birth to the rudimentary yet crucial framework of Maintenance Management 1.0, setting the stage for the evolution of maintenance protocols.

Maintenance Management 1.0 can be broadly defined as a reactive or corrective maintenance strategy, where the primary focus was on repairing equipment only after a failure occurred. During this phase, there were no sophisticated maintenance schedules or predictive models in place. The machinery, being novel and less complex compared to what came in subsequent industrial eras, required a straightforward approach to maintenance.

Let’s consider a textile factory operating during the early days of Industry 1.0. With a plethora of steam-powered looms and spinning frames, the production line was a hive of mechanical activity. When one of these machines encountered a breakdown, it necessitated immediate attention to restore functionality. The technicians or mechanics of that era were summoned post-failure, tasked with identifying the root of the problem and implementing the necessary repairs to resume production.

2.1 The impact of Maintenance Management 1.0

The impact on technicians stepping into the Industry 1.0 and Maintenance Management 1.0 scene was manifold:

  1. Skill Demands: Technicians were required to have a hands-on, practical understanding of the machinery to troubleshoot and rectify issues efficiently. Their skills were honed through experience and on-the-job learning rather than formal training or through sophisticated diagnostic tools that came in later eras.

  2. Reactive Work Environment: The reactionary nature of Maintenance Management 1.0 meant that technicians operated in an environment of urgency, often under pressure to restore functionality swiftly to minimize production downtime.

  3. Safety Concerns: The safety protocols during this era were not as stringent or developed as in the later industrial phases. Technicians often worked in perilous conditions, with the risk of injuries being considerably higher.

  4. Lack of Predictive Resources: The absence of predictive maintenance tools meant that technicians were always on their toes, ready to tackle unforeseen breakdowns rather than having a structured, planned approach to maintenance that could preemptively address potential issues.

  5. Job Security and Demand: The indispensable role of technicians in keeping the machines running translated to job security and a steady demand for skilled technicians. However, the lack of technology also meant that their work was heavily manual and at times tedious.

The juxtaposition of Maintenance Management 1.0 with Industry 1.0 encapsulates a period of technological infancy intertwined with reactive maintenance protocols. While this period laid the foundational stone for more sophisticated maintenance strategies, it also highlighted the importance and evolving role of technicians amidst the industrial tableau. Through the lens of Maintenance Management 1.0, we glimpse the budding synergy between human expertise and mechanical innovation, a synergy that has continually evolved, shaping the narrative of subsequent industrial revolutions and maintenance management paradigms.

3. Maintenance Management 2.0 

As the world transitioned into the Industry 2.0 era, the phase popularly known as the Technological Revolution, a notable shift was witnessed from steam power to the dominance of electricity and internal combustion engines, spanning from the late 19th to early 20th centuries. This period heralded a new dawn of increased production capability, greater machine complexity, and a burgeoning sense of industrial efficiency. Amidst this shift, Maintenance Management too evolved, transcending from the reactionary protocols of Maintenance Management 1.0 to a more structured and planned approach known as Maintenance Management 2.0.

Maintenance Management 2.0 was characterized by a preventative maintenance strategy where the emphasis shifted from merely reacting to machine failures to preventing them through routine inspections and maintenance. This proactive approach aimed at reducing unexpected breakdowns, thus improving machine availability and extending asset lifespan.

Let’s illustrate this evolution through an example of a manufacturing facility specializing in automotive parts during the early 20th century. In this facility, electrically-powered assembly lines had become the backbone of operations. Under Maintenance Management 2.0, a maintenance schedule was established, wherein technicians would routinely inspect machinery for signs of wear and tear, lubricate moving parts, and replace components nearing the end of their operational life before they could fail and halt production.

3.1 The impact of Maintenance 2.0

The arrival of Industry 2.0 and Maintenance Management 2.0 encapsulated several impacts on technicians:

  1. Increased Predictability: Unlike the reactive environment of Maintenance Management 1.0, technicians in this era were equipped with a scheduled maintenance plan, providing a sense of predictability and organization in their daily tasks.

  2. Skill Enhancement: The sophisticated nature of electrical and internal combustion-powered machinery demanded a higher level of technical knowledge. Technicians now needed to understand more complex systems and the underlying principles of preventive maintenance.

  3. Safety Improvements: With planned maintenance, there was a reduction in emergency repair scenarios, which in turn contributed to a safer working environment. Predictive measures lessened the chances of abrupt machine failures that could potentially pose risks to technician safety.

  4. Efficiency and Productivity: The structured approach of Maintenance Management 2.0 allowed for better planning and allocation of resources, which in turn enhanced operational efficiency and productivity.

  5. Documentation and Record-Keeping: The introduction of routine inspections and scheduled maintenance necessitated meticulous record-keeping to track maintenance activities, machine performance, and replacement of parts.

  6. Job Satisfaction: The orderly nature of preventative maintenance, along with improved safety standards, likely contributed to enhanced job satisfaction among technicians.

The juxtaposition of Maintenance Management 2.0 with Industry 2.0 mirrors a paradigm shift towards a more organized, safer, and efficient maintenance strategy. The forward momentum from merely reacting to machine failures towards preventing them symbolized a significant leap in the maintenance management narrative. This proactive ethos not only mitigated the adversities of unexpected downtime but laid a robust foundation for the advent of more advanced maintenance management paradigms in the subsequent industrial eras.




4. Maintenance Management 3.0

As the globe pivoted towards the Industry 3.0 era during the latter half of the 20th century, a new chapter was opened in the annals of industrial progression. This epoch, also referred to as the Digital Revolution, was hallmarked by the proliferation of computers and automation in industrial processes. Suddenly, the erstwhile mechanical and electrical machinery were being augmented or replaced by computer-controlled systems. Amid this change, Maintenance Management too underwent a significant transformation, evolving into Maintenance Management 3.0.

Maintenance Management 3.0 ushered in a regime of predictive maintenance, a leap from the preventive maintenance protocols of the previous era. Now, the maintenance strategy hinged on predicting when a machine would fail or require maintenance, leveraging data and analytics. This was made possible by the availability of computers and software that could process vast amounts of data to predict equipment failure before it occurred.

For instance, consider a modern bottling plant during the dawn of Industry 3.0. In this facility, the bottling machines were equipped with sensors and connected to computers capable of monitoring the machines’ performance metrics in real-time. Through analyzing data trends, the system could predict when a component was likely to fail, thus enabling maintenance to be scheduled before a breakdown occurred.

4.1 The Imapct of Maintenance Management 3.0 

The evolution to Maintenance Management 3.0 bore several significant impacts on technicians:

  1. Data Driven Decisions: The onset of a data-driven approach equipped technicians with actionable insights, enabling them to make more informed decisions. Predictive analysis fostered an environment where maintenance activities were scheduled based on data rather than solely on time intervals.

  2. Skill Diversification: The blend of computers and automation in maintenance management necessitated technicians to acquire new skills in data analysis and computer operations, on top of their mechanical and electrical expertise.

  3. Increased Efficiency: Predictive maintenance meant fewer unplanned downtimes and better planning, resulting in improved operational efficiency and potentially longer asset life.

  4. Enhanced Safety: By predicting and preventing catastrophic failures, the working environment became safer. Technicians were less likely to deal with emergency repairs which inherently pose more safety risks.

  5. Resource Optimization: With predictive analytics, resources could be allocated more effectively, reducing waste and promoting better utilization of both human and material resources.

  6. Heightened Job Satisfaction: The newfound ability to thwart machine failures before they occurred, coupled with an enhanced skill set, likely contributed to higher levels of job satisfaction among maintenance professionals.

  7. Improved Record-Keeping: The digital nature of Industry 3.0 facilitated a more systematic and accessible way of documenting maintenance activities, creating a rich repository of historical data beneficial for future predictive analysis and training.

The alignment of Maintenance Management 3.0 with Industry 3.0 was emblematic of a fundamental shift from a structured, scheduled-based maintenance to a more sophisticated, data-driven predictive maintenance strategy. This transformation not only paved the way for increased operational efficiency but also for the upcoming wave of innovations encapsulated in Industry 4.0 and Maintenance Management 4.0.

5. Maintenance Management 4.0 

As the industrial realm transitioned into Industry 4.0, often termed as the fourth industrial revolution, it was the advent of smart factories and the Internet of Things (IoT) that took center stage. In this era, machines started to communicate with each other and with humans in real-time, amassing data at an unprecedented scale. Following suit, Maintenance Management 4.0 emerged, underpinned by the principles of connectedness, big data, and real-time analytics. This epoch saw a shift from mere predictive maintenance to proactive and prescriptive maintenance paradigms.

Maintenance Management 4.0 can be epitomized through an interconnected, data-driven, and analytics-centered approach. For instance, in an advanced automotive manufacturing plant, every robot, conveyor belt, and assembly station is laced with sensors and interconnected through a robust IoT network. Through this network, real-time data concerning the performance, efficiency, and health of each asset is relayed to a centralized system, often cloud-based, where it’s analyzed. The analytics software could predict potential faults, prescribe preventive measures, and autonomously trigger maintenance processes when necessary, minimizing unplanned downtimes and ensuring optimal performance.

5.1 Impact of Maintenance management 4.0

Impact on Technicians:

  1. Multifaceted Skill Demands: The influx of smart technologies required technicians to develop digital competencies alongside their traditional mechanical or electrical expertise. Proficiency in software usage, data analytics, and cybersecurity became nearly as crucial as wielding a wrench.

  2. Real-Time Insights: Technicians now had access to real-time data and analytics, offering a precise understanding of equipment performance and maintenance requirements. This revolutionized troubleshooting, reducing time spent on identifying issues.

  3. Automation of Routine Tasks: Many mundane and routine maintenance tasks became automated, allowing technicians to focus on more complex, value-added activities. It heralded an era where their role transitioned from fixers to strategic enablers.

  4. Enhanced Safety Measures: With real-time monitoring and predictive alerts, the working environment became notably safer. Moreover, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) started to be used for training and remote assistance, further enhancing safety and efficiency.

  5. Advanced Decision-Making: Armed with prescriptive analytics, technicians could make more informed, data-backed decisions, significantly boosting operational efficiency and asset longevity.

  6. Collaborative Working Environment: Industry 4.0 fostered a collaborative environment where human expertise and smart technology complemented each other, promoting cross-functional cooperation between maintenance, operations, and IT departments.

  7. Continuous Learning and Adaptation: The rapid evolution of technology necessitated a culture of continuous learning and adaptation among technicians to keep pace with emerging tools and methodologies.

Maintenance Management 4.0, riding on the back of Industry 4.0, underscored a monumental shift towards a more integrated, data-centric, and forward-looking approach to asset management and maintenance. As technicians embraced new digital tools and analytics-driven processes, they became pivotal players in driving operational excellence, setting a solid foundation for the human-centric innovations of Industry 5.0 and Maintenance Management 5.0.

6. Maintenance Management 5.0 

As the industrial sphere gracefully transitions into the dawn of Industry 5.0, a realm where human ingenuity intersects with technological brilliance emerges. Unlike its predecessor, Industry 5.0 orchestrates a harmonious human-machine collaboration, fostering creativity, resilience, and sustainability. Nestled within this transformation lies Maintenance Management 5.0, an epoch that reimagines asset and maintenance management from a holistic, human-centric lens.

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Illustratively, envision a futuristic manufacturing plant where humans and robots work side by side, constantly learning from one another. In Maintenance Management 5.0, smart robots equipped with AI can predict when a machine is likely to fail and suggest preventive measures. However, the human technician, with years of experience, can not only validate these predictions but also employ his intuitive knowledge to enhance the predictive models the robots use, creating a symbiotic relationship of continuous improvement.

6.1 Industry 5.0 further explained

From the rudimentary mechanics of Industry 1.0, the electrification in Industry 2.0, the digital awakening in Industry 3.0, to the smart automation of Industry 4.0, each era has been a precursor to the next, enriching the lexicon of production. As we find ourselves on the cusp of Industry 5.0, as articulated by the European Union report dated 5 January 2021. This transformation is not merely a technological shift, but an ideological one, aiming to synchronize the prowess of human ingenuity with technological advancements. Industry 5.0 focuses on three pivotal axes: human-centricity, resilience, and sustainability, which are expounded below.

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6.1.1 Human-Centric

Human-centricity is at the heart of Industry 5.0, transcending the notion of technology as a mere tool to a collaborative partner. Unlike the precedence of Industry 4.0 where automation reigned, Industry 5.0 envisages a workspace where humans and machines co-create, leveraging each other’s strengths. The EU report underscores a philosophy where technological advancements serve to amplify human capabilities rather than replace them. It cherishes human creativity, empathy, and moral judgment as irreplaceable assets in the evolving industrial landscape. This new paradigm facilitates the creation of personalized products and services, delivering value that is intricately tied to human insight and experience.

6.1.1 Resillience

The call for resilience resounds in the fabric of Industry 5.0, more so in a world where uncertainties have become the norm. As per the EU report, the human-machine synergy intrinsic to Industry 5.0 is fundamental to building resilient systems capable of adapting to a gamut of challenges, be it economic, environmental, or social. The agile decision-making process, fortified by the human-technological interface, empowers organizations to anticipate, respond, and adapt to disruptions, ensuring an operational continuity that is crucial in today’s volatile industrial sphere.

6.1.1 Sustainability 

Sustainability forms a vital cornerstone of Industry 5.0, addressing the environmental and ethical imperatives facing modern industry. The EU report accentuates the role of Industry 5.0 in fostering a sustainable production and consumption model. By aligning human ingenuity with technological innovation, Industry 5.0 aims at developing eco-efficient production processes, reducing waste, and promoting the circular economy. This era underlines the importance of making conscientious decisions that not only drive economic growth but also safeguard the environment and societal well-being.

The essence of Industry 5.0 as delineated in the EU report is a clarion call for an industrial renaissance where humans and machines harmonize in a symbiotic milieu. It’s a vision of an industrially advanced yet humane society that thrives on collaboration, resilience, and sustainability. Through the lens of Industry 5.0, the future of the industrial sector is not merely technologically advanced but ethically responsible and human-centric.

6.2 The impact of Maintenance Management 5.0

Impact on Technicians:

  1. Enhanced Collaboration: In this era, technicians form a part of a collaborative ecosystem where their tacit knowledge complements machine precision, leading to more accurate maintenance predictions and better asset optimization.

  2. Augmented Problem-Solving: Equipped with advanced tools like Augmented Reality (AR), technicians can now visualize complex machine problems through a digital lens, enabling faster and more effective problem-solving.

  3. Elevated Roles: With routine tasks automated, technicians are elevated to more strategic roles, focusing on improving system designs, enhancing predictive models, and ensuring a culture of continuous improvement.

  4. Continuous Skill Evolution: The blended human-machine workspace necessitates continuous skill evolution for technicians, fostering a culture of lifelong learning and adaptation to new technologies.

Click to enlarge: classifications digital twins towards Industry 5.0 (Click here for full article)

6.3 Human-Centric in Maintenance Management 5.0

In the heart of Industry 5.0, the human-centric paradigm redefines how maintenance management functions. Maintenance Management 5.0 enshrines human intuition and expertise as invaluable assets, crucial for refining machine learning models, making informed decisions, and driving innovation in maintenance strategies. This human-centric approach does not just amplify the efficiency and accuracy of maintenance processes, but also fosters a nurturing environment for creativity and innovation.

6.4 Rescilliance as a cornerstone of Maintenance Management 5.0

In the heart of Industry 5.0, the human-centric paradigm redefines how maintenance management functions. Maintenance Management 5.0 enshrines human intuition and expertise as invaluable assets, crucial for refining machine learning models, making informed decisions, and driving innovation in maintenance strategies. This human-centric approach does not just amplify the efficiency and accuracy of maintenance processes, but also fosters a nurturing environment for creativity and innovation.

6.5 Sustainability envisioned through Maintenance Management 5.0

Sustainability is at the forefront of Industry 5.0, and Maintenance Management 5.0 is a vessel through which sustainable practices are implemented and promoted. Through effective asset management, resources are optimized, waste is minimized, and the lifespan of equipment is extended. Furthermore, the collaborative efforts between humans and machines facilitate the creation and implementation of eco-friendly maintenance strategies, driving the industry towards a greener future.

7. Maintainability in the Industry 5.0 timeframe

The emergence of Industry 5.0 and advancements in artificial intelligence (A.I.) have brought significant changes to the concept of maintainability. In order for organizations to remain competitive, they must adapt their maintenance strategies to meet the demands of these new technologies.

One such adaptation is seen in the ISO55000 Asset Management standard, which emphasizes the importance of considering long-term asset performance and sustainability. This means that maintenance management must now consider not only short-term costs but also long-term impacts on asset lifespan and overall efficiency.

In particular, A.I. has a major impact on aging assets or those designed in previous eras without consideration for advanced technologies. With A.I., these assets can now be monitored and analyzed in real-time, allowing for predictive maintenance to identify potential issues before they escalate. This not only extends the lifespan of these assets but also increases their reliability and availability.

On the other hand, A.I. also has a significant impact on maintainability for assets designed in the Industry 5.0 timeframe. With A.I.-enabled technologies integrated into design processes, maintenance requirements can be identified and addressed at the initial stages of development. This leads to improved ease of maintenance, reducing downtime and costs in the long run.

Furthermore, A.I. can also enhance data analysis capabilities, providing valuable insights into asset performance and identifying areas for improvement in terms of maintainability. By leveraging this data, organizations can continuously refine their maintenance strategies and optimize asset performance. This not only contributes to overall efficiency but also aligns with the ISO55000 and ISO13306 standards.

In addition, the IEC 60300-3-10 standard provides guidance for measuring and evaluating maintainability in the Industry 5.0 timeframe. By following this standard, organizations can assess their maintenance processes and make necessary improvements to ensure maximum performance and availability of assets. This not only helps in meeting the requirements of ISO55000 but also ensures compliance with industry regulations.

Overall, maintainability in the Industry 5.0 timeframe is heavily reliant on A.I. and its capabilities to improve asset performance and reduce maintenance efforts. By implementing A.I.-enabled maintenance management strategies, organizations can ensure maximum efficiency, reliability, and availability of assets while aligning with global standards and regulations. It is clear that A.I. has become an integral part of modern day maintenance practices in the Industry 5.0 era, paving the way for more advanced and effective maintenance processes.

So, it is crucial for organizations to embrace A.I. and incorporate it into their asset management strategies to stay ahead in the ever-evolving landscape of Industry 5.0. With A.I., organizations can not only improve their bottom line but also contribute to a more sustainable future by optimizing asset performance and reducing energy consumption. Let us embrace A.I. as a powerful tool for maintainability in the Industry 5.0 timeframe and move towards a more efficient, reliable, and sustainable world together.

7.1 Maintainability related with Resilliance, Human-Centric and Sustainability

Maintainability with the Industry 5.0 ‘Resilience’ perspective is a crucial aspect to ensure the long-term success of any organization. As per ISO13306, resilience is defined as the ability of an asset or system to withstand and recover from disruptive events, minimizing their impact on performance and operations. This aligns perfectly with the concept of maintainability in Industry 5.0, where organizations must focus on ensuring that assets can not only perform as required but also quickly recover from any maintenance-related disruptions.

In order to achieve this, organizations must adopt a holistic approach to asset management, incorporating both A.I.-enabled maintenance strategies and adhering to global standards such as ISO55000. These standards provide a framework for effective asset management practices, including the selection of appropriate maintenance strategies based on risk assessments and life cycle analysis. By following these guidelines, organizations can ensure that their assets remain resilient in the face of any challenges in the Industry 5.0 era.

Moreover, maintaining assets at optimal levels also contributes towards achieving sustainability goals set by various international bodies such as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A.I. technology has the potential to optimize asset performance and reduce energy consumption, making it an essential tool for organizations looking to contribute towards a

Maintainability with the Industry 5.0 ‘Human-Centric’ perspective, as defined by IEC60300-3-10, is a key element of this approach. It takes into consideration the human factor in asset maintenance and management, emphasizing the importance of training and competency development for personnel involved in these activities. By providing continuous support and empowering employees with the necessary skills, organizations can ensure that their assets are maintained effectively and efficiently, ultimately contributing to long-term success and sustainability.

Maintainability with the Industry 5.0 ‘Sustainability’ perspective also aligns with the principles of ISO13306, which focuses on minimizing downtime and maximizing asset availability through effective maintenance management strategies. By implementing A.I.-enabled maintenance solutions, organizations can reduce unexpected failures and optimize maintenance schedules, leading to improved asset performance and reduced environmental impact.



8. Reference Articles 

8.1 Industry 5.0 Related

  1. Maturity assessment for Industry 5.0: A review of existing maturity models
  2. Industry 5.0: Past, Present and Near Future
  3. IR5.0 Human-Centric underpinned with 2022 Industrial Maintenance study
  4. Human in the loop: Industry 4.0 vs. Industry 5.0: Co-existence, Transition, or a Hybrid
  5. Industry 5.0 further explained
  6. Industry 5.0 and Society 5.0: Comparison, complementation and co-evolution
  7. Outlook on human-centric manufacturing towards Industry 5.0
  8. Maintenance 5.0: Towards a Worker-in-the-Loop Framework for Resilient Smart Manufacturing
  9. Industry 5.0: Prospect and retrospect
  10. Industry 5.0 definitions
  11. Be informed…. we are already in the Industry 5.0 timeframe


8.2 IR4.0 & IR4.0 Readiness

  1. An Industry 4.0 readiness Assessment tool
  2. Intelligent warehouse in Industry 4.0
  3. Maintenance Performance in the Age of Industry 4.0
  4. Simulating dynamic RUL based CBM scheduling
  5. Maintenance Analytics – The New Know in Maintenance
  6. Rethinking Maintenance Terminology for an Industry 4.0 Future
  7. Maintenance optimization in industry 4.0; Strategies, Information and the Reversed Data Pyramid
  8. An RUL-informed approach for Life Extension of high-value assets: Overview of LE practice
  9. Lean Maintenance 4.0: implementation for aviation industry
  10. Developing prescriptive maintenance strategies in the aviation industry
  11. Development of flexible Predictive Maintenance systems in the context of industry 4.0: the implementation framework


8.3 Digital Twin Related

  1. Reflection: Disruptive Innovation Asset & Maintenance Management
  2. Collecting Real-Time Data for Predictive Maintenance
  3. Lean Maintenance 4.0: implementation for aviation industry
  4. A digital twin-based decision analysis framework for operation and maintenance of tunnels
  5. Digital building twins and blockchain for performance-based (smart) contracts
  6. IoT for predictive assets monitoring and maintenance: An implementation strategy
  7. About auditing in the field of Asset Management
  8. A Digital Twin Design for Maintenance Optimization
  9. The difference between Machine Learning(ML) and Deep Learning (DP)
  10. Digital Twin Definitions: a time perspective
  11. Definition Digital Twin
  12. Approach for a Holistic Predictive Maintenance Strategy by Incorporating a Digital Twin
  13. Data-driven failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) to enhance maintenance planning
  14. Advances of Digital Twins for Predictive Maintenance
  15. The 250 classifications of Digital Twin technology


8.4 Maintenance Management

  1. Decision-based framework for Predictive Maintenance Technique selection in Industry 4.0
  2. Data-driven failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) to enhance maintenance planning
  3. Recent advances and trends of predictive maintenance from data driven machine prognostics perspective
  4. Data-driven decision-making for equipment maintenance: Data-driven RCM
  5. Toward cognitive predictive maintenance: A survey of graph-based approaches
  6. A deep learning predictive model for selective maintenance optimization
  7. Inspection schedule for prognostics with uncertainty management
  8. Development of Digital Twin for Intelligent Maintenance of Civil Infrastructure
  9. Risk Based Inspection Framework part of evolutions in Maintenance Management; Framework and Process
  10. KSPMI: A Knowledge-based System for Predictive Maintenance in Industry 4.0
  11. Sharping the mind: Find The Sweet spot
  12. The Bathtub Curve Fallacy
  13. The framework for data-driven maintenance planning and problem-solving in maintenance communities
  14. The Maintenance Body of Knowledge
  15. Decision Framework for Predictive Maintenance Method Selection
  16. Maintenance Engineering defined
  17. The Maintenance 5.0 Framework
  18. The Maintenance 5.0 Cycle


8.5 Interpretation Article’s

  1. Line of Sight: Asset Management in the aligned timeframe
  2. Interpretation Figure 1 ISO55000
  3. The elephant in the room
  4. Asset & Maintenance Management amidst the Industry 5.0 timeframe
  5. Revised A&MM The Big Picture
  6. Article IR5.0 Human-Centric
  7. Explaining Predictive Maintenance using the KISS-Principle
  8. Asset Management 5.0: Balancing Risk, Performance and Value with IR5.0
  9. Food for Thoughts: ChatGPT in the field of Asset & Maintenance Management.


8.6 Additional Pages To Consult

  1. Sustainable Asset Management 
  2. The Maintenance Engineer
  3. The Maintenance Manager
  4. The Asset Manager
  5. Industry 5.0
  6. Circular Asset Management